What is noteworthy is that more than two thirds of all refugees are from just five countries-Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan, South Sudan and Myanmar.
With 3.6 million people, Turkey hosts more refugees than any other country, followed by Colombia (1.8 million) and Pakistan (1.4 million).
Sadly, in the last one decade, only a fraction (3.9 million) have returned to their country of origin.
Displaced population and current pandemic
While Covid-19 has led many governments to impose lockdowns and close borders, it has not been able to stop armed conflicts and subsequent displacements. According to Norwegian Refugee Council, between March 23 and May 15 this year, armed conflict in 19 countries displaced at least 661,000 people.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) has seen the highest number of displacement. Clashes between armed groups and the country’s military have forced more than 480,000 people to flee their homes.
Displaced population is also the most vulnerable and facing a double crisis in the time of the current pandemic.According to UNHCR, they are mostly hosted in countries with weaker health, water and sanitation systems. This population depends on fragile income which has seen an erosion due to pandemic. As many as 134 refugee hosting countries are reporting local transmission of Covid-19. No doubt, more support is now needed to protect them.
Source: Global Trends report, UNHCR